The study also echoes Suzanne Kessler’s important 1998 findings, that parents are in a conflicting situation which usually prevents them from being able to objectively assess the best interests of their intersex child when ‘consenting’ to cosmetic genital surgeries (‘Lessons from the Intesexed’, p 100-104).
Notably, the ‘parents’ assessed in this study, whether they ‘chose’ surgery or not, universally ‘believed their decision was based mainly on their own values, opinion, and attitude‘ (p 1956), despite the significant correlation to the information available to them beforehand.
Overall, participants with ‘detailed’ previous knowlegde of intersex issues were generally more adverse to ‘consenting’ to cosmetic genital surgeries on children than less informed participants (68% against with detailed knowledge vs. 49% against without detailed knowledge, p 1956).
The study also advises that, despite the correlation of the ‘decision’ of the participants with the medicalised vs. demedicalised information presented to them beforehand, ‘there were many participants who did not change their mind in accordance with the medicalized or demedicalized information given to them: 14 of 41 participants (34%) refused surgery after being exposed to medicalized information, whereas 11 of 48 (23%) opted for surgery after being exposed to demedicalized information. Parents, therefore, should not be perceived as passive, innocent bystander[s].’ (p 1960)
However, it seems safe to assume that the still predominant medicalised counseling of parents mainly by paediatric endocrinologists (often joined by a paediatric surgeon) contributes heavily to the still massive global scale of daily Intersex Genital Mutilations (IGM), as well as the general lack of public knowledge – and last but not least the lack of psychosocial specialists in children’s clinics that would actaually be in a position to inform parents in a demedicalised fashion.
Streuli JC, Vayena E, Cavicchia-Balmer Y, and Huber J. Shaping parents: Impact of contrasting professional counseling on parents’ decision making for children with disorders of sex development. J Sex Med 2013;10:1953–1960.
More information in german on the exploratory study incl. the scripts of the medicalised and demedicalised counseling videos see this bachelor dissertation in clinical psychology:
Yvonne Cavicchia-Balmer. Information, Aufklärung und Entscheidungsfindung von Eltern bei der Geburt eines Kindes mit uneindeutigem Geschlecht. Eine explorative Studie. Bachelor thesis, Departement P [Departement Angewandte Psychologie] der Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften ZHAW, 2010.