49 UN Reprimands for Intersex Genital Mutilations – and Counting …

[ Last updated 15.02.2020 ]

Zwischengeschlecht.org on FacebookThis reguarly updated list collects all reprimands by UN Treaty bodies condemning Intersex Genital Mutilations as a serious violation of non-derogable human rights.

The current count is 49 UN Treaty body reprimands for IGM practices to 26 countries in Europe (15 countries), South America (4), Asia (3), Oceania (2) and Africa (2).

The following is a breakdown of all current reprimands, including the Convention articles and General comments referred to, and links to all binding recommendations in full, followed by total statistic overviews per year, region/country and Treaty body/Convention:

        TABLE OF CONTENTS:
        1.  IGM Practices: UN Reprimands by Treaty Body, Year and Country
        2.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Year
        3.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Region and Country
        4.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Treaty Body / Convention

1.  IGM Practices: UN Reprimands by Treaty Body, Year and Country

• Committee against Torture (CAT)
“Cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment”
(CAT art. 2, 12, 14, 16)
[General comments No. 2 (implementation of art. 2) + No. 3 (implementation of art. 14)]
2011: Germany
2015: Switzerland, Austria, Denmark, Hong Kong
2016: France
2018: Netherlands
2019: UK

• Committee on the Right of the Child (CRC)
“Harmful practice”
(CRC art. 24(3) in conjunction with General comment No. 18):
2015: Switzerland, Chile
2016: France, Ireland, UK, Nepal, New Zealand, South Africa
2017: Denmark
2018: Spain, Argentina
2019: Belgium, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Australia
2020: Austria

• Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
“Integrity of the person” (art. 17), “exploitation, violence and abuse”
(CRPD art. 16):
2015: Germany
2016: Chile, Italy, Uruguay
2017: UK, Morocco
2019: India, Australia

• Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
“Harmful practice”
(CEDAW art. 5 in conjunction with General recommendation No. 31):
2016: France, Switzerland, Netherlands
2017: Germany, Ireland
2018: Chile, Luxembourg, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, Liechtenstein, Nepal

• Human Rights Committee (HRCttee – CCPR)
“Cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment”, “harmful practice”,
“non-consensual medical or scientific experimentation“
(CCPR art. 3, 7, 24, 26)
2017: Switzerland, Australia
2019: Belgium, Mexico

2.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Year

2009:   0   (first intersex NGO report considered by a UN Treaty body)
2010:  
0
2011:
   1
2012:   0
2013:   0
2014:   0
2015:   7   (start of intersex NGO reports by StopIGM.org being considered)
2016: 13
2017:   7   (continued massive instrumentalising and misrepresentation by LGBT NGOs)
2018: 10
2019: 10
2020:   1   
(as of 15 February)

3.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Region and Country

Europe (15 countries, 30 reprimands):
Switzerland (4 reprimands), France (3), Germany (3), UK (3), Ireland (2), Denmark (2), Netherlands (2), Italy (2), Belgium (2), Austria (2), Spain (1), Luxembourg (1), Liechtenstein (1), Malta (1), Portugal (1)

South America (4 contries, 6 reprimands):
Chile (3 reprimands), Mexico (2), Uruguay (1), Argentina (1)

Asia (3 countries, 4 reprimands):
Nepal (2 reprimands), Hong Kong (1), India (1)

Africa (2 countries, 2 reprimands):
South Africa (1 reprimand), Morocco (1)

Oceania (2 countries, 6 reprimands):
Australia (4), New Zealand (2 reprimands)

4.  Total UN Reprimands for IGM by Treaty Body / Convention

Committee on the Right of the Child (CRC): 17
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW): 12
Committee against Torture (CAT): 8
Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): 8
Human Rights Committee (HRCttee – CCPR): 4

Hermaphrodites With Attitude, Boston 26.10.1996NOTE: This list was first published on IAD 2016: On 26 October, Intersex People, Survivors, Partners, Families, Friends and Allies around the globe celebrate Intersex Awareness Day, commemorating the very first INTERSEX PROTEST in Boston in 1996 against the Annual Convention of the American Academy of Padiatrics (AAP), and in support of over 20 Years of Organised Struggle to End INTERSEX GENITAL MUTILATIONS.

>>> Intersex human rights at the UN are under attack!!!

See also:
Only the fear of the judge will make IGM perpetrators change’
“Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condem IGM
UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC): IGM = Harmful Practice + Violence
UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
UN Women’s Rights Committee (CEDAW): IGM = Harmful Practice
UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD): Violation of Integrity
UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) condemns IGM Practices

Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview • What is Intersex? • How Common is IGM?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

IGM as a Harmful Practice: 2015 UN-CRC Briefing
• IGM: A Survivor’s Perspective • Intersex Movement History
• What are Variations of Sex Anatomy?  • What are IGM Practices?
• IGM and Human Rights  • Conclusion: IGM is a Harmful Practice
>>> Download PDF (3.14 MB)     >>> Table of Contents

Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights
>>> Download PDF (831kb)

Leave a comment